9.3 Teaching Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

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SpeakerName: Ms. Chantal Sicile-Kira, Founder and President, Autism College, USA

Description: This presentation provided information about Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), how ASDs impact learning, and it shared model programmes. According to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual’s fifth edition (DSM V), individuals diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder demonstrate persistent challenges in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts. They also have restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These may be fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus, and/or hyper- or hypo-activity to sensory input, or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Autism is considered a ‘spectrum disorder’ because two people sharing the same level of autism have deficits in the areas of social communication and social interaction and restricted patterns of behaviors, but what that looks like is different across the spectrum (Sicile-Kira, 2014).