Philippines: Alternative Learning System: Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) programme



The Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) programme aims to: a) offer an alternative pathway by which leaners earn an educational qualification comparable to that gained through the formal school system; b) provide a national accreditation and equivalency system for assessing levels of literacy and non-formal achievement system.


Implementing organization: The Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS), Department of Education


Policy Support Mechanism: RA 9155 (Governance of Basic Education Act, 2011)


Target Learners

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  • 12 years old and above
  • dropouts in elementary and secondary schools, out-of-school youths, non-readers


  1. ALS curriculum covers 5 interrelated learning strands -equivalent to “subjects” in the formal school system-as below: communication skills;
  2. problem-solving and critical thinking;
  3. sustainable use of resources/productivity;
  4. development of self and a sense of community;
  5. expanding one’s world vision


Duration: 10 months of school or 800 hours in the classroom


Integration into formal Education/Accrediation Certification system

Successful candidatesof Accreditation and Equivalency examinations gain the necessary qualifications to join formal school and post-school education programmes.


Teachers’ Recruitment and Training

The key person in delivering the A&E programme is the instructional manager (IM) who is responsible for supervising/facilitating the learning process for groups of up to 25 A&E learners.


Students’ Assessment of learning

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  • Post-learning assessment: non-formal assessment methodologies such as portfolio assessment, pre-/post-module assessment
  • Equivalency testing: test instruments based on the A&E curriculum framework and learning materials for two levels of certification